Reports on climate change - updated regulary
New study reveals future hurricane activity in the north
A new study published in the journal Nature Geoscience suggests that the hurricanes of the future will be more severe, carry more rain and stay longer in one place. The hurricanes of our future will travel north, to parts of our globe that previously never experienced these storms.
They will initially hit cities like New York, Beijing, Boston and Tokyo.
But the main message here is that there are signs that suggest that the storms are moving towards Europe. Portugal experienced a tropical storm in 2020 that was mind-blowing for scientist since the country never experienced this before.
Scientists believe that these intense hurricanes together with rising sea levels will create big problems globally.
Source: https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-59775105 2021-12-30
The atlantic hurricane season of 2021 has come to an end
NOAA summarizes the atlantic hurricane season of 2021, concluding there have been 21 hurricane storms during the year (seven more than average). Five of these storms where rapidly increasing in strength and eight of them hit the US coastline. The year of 2021 is concluded by NOAA to be the third most active hurricane season ever recorded.
Source: https://www.noaa.gov/news-release/active-2021-atlantic-hurricane-season-officially-ends 2021-12-03
Signs of the golf stream collapsing
Researchers now say there a signs of the golf stream collapsing. This means that there could be huge consequenses in the world, also in the nordic countries, if this became a reality. It is now an alarming report made by the scientist Niklas Boers that will make you wonder about alternatives when he says the golfstream is really on the verge of stopping altogether.
This would lead to stormier weather, lower temperatures in Europe and rising water levels in eastern North America. Without the golfstream the temperature in Scandinavia would decrease with 5-10 degrees and Sweden could experience temperatures of 50 degrees minus (celcius).
Another scientist called Levke Caesar claims that Sweden could have drier summers and more winterstorms. She is one of the researches who believes that the golf stream will have decreased with 45 % before the end of this decade (Postdam Institute of climate research). This will cause dry summers in Sweden and winterstorms.
The scientists also warn that the golfstream collapsing could mean serious problems for the supply of food effecting billions of people in India, South America and West Africa due to extreme rains. The rainforest in the Amazon and the Antarctica would be effected in a negative way, destruction would be an effect.
Finally the professor Deliang Cheng says that it would be almost impossible to live in Sweden after this happens, that is if the golfstream stopped altogether. The average temperature would drop eight degrees celcius.
At the start of 2010 scientist estimated that the golfstream only would slow down about 11-34 % but since global warming scientists have now changed their estimates to a much more alarming situation even seeing sign of a total halt of the golf stream.
Report from Copernicus - massive carbondioxide emission
The environmental program of Copernicus has reported that 505 million tons of carbon equivalents were released this year from june during the forest fires in Siberia. This summer was worse than last summer, and the forest fires haven't stopped at this point.
The smoke that came from the russian forest fires has travelled all the way to the north pole and most of Russia itself is covered in smoke from these fires. Recordlevel temperatures and drought has made it difficult for the russians to control the fire.
The area on fire in Siberia is 34 000 squarekilometers and is an area equal the size of Belgium.
The Dixie fire (the largest in USA's history) covered an area of 2000 squaremeters.
High temperatures and massive rainfall - New extreme weather hits earth
In USA record temperatures were recorded this year, Death Valley was recorded having 54,5 degrees celcius which is the highest temperature ever recorded on earth. Northwestern USA and western Canada have been effected by unusual heat waves causing a new heat record in Canada at 49,6 degrees celcius. The record was set in the city of Lytton and shortly thereafter the city was burned down to the ground by a raging forest fire.
Extreme heat, no wind and little percipitation has led to this extreme heat wave in the western hemisphere causing major forest fires in northwestern USA and western Canada.
At the same time Centraleurope has been hit by extreme percipitation which have cause massive flooding in Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemburg and Austria. More than 200 people have lost their lives and great areas have been covered in by water and mud.
The red cross have reported 155 dead and over 24 000 evacuated in the country of Nigera and in New Zeeland 2000 people had to be evacuated due to massive rains which ususally fall during a month, now everything came down during two days!
Parts of the Henan-province in China, including the city of Zhengzhou with its 10 million habitants, was flooded after experiencing the worst rainstorm in 1000 years.
Source: Greenpeace newsletter.
The glaciers of antarctica are melting rapidly
During 1979 and 1989 the antarctica has melted 40 billion tons of its ice and since 2009 the pace is even more furious melting 252 billion tons per year. This has happened due to the inflow of warm oceanwater. All and all, the ice in antarctica is melting six times faster than during previous years (up until the 1990s).
Scientists have concluded that all of the ice is now melting, before some of it stayed the same. But now all of antarctica is affected and is destined to be gone in the future. The effects of this icemelting will be a raising of the oceanlevel with several meters causing coastal cities to become overflooded in the future.
It is estimated that the ocean will rise about two meters before the year of 2100. Taking into account that big changes will already take place within 10 years, when most of the ice has melted.
300 million people are estimated to be effected by flooding in coastal cities in the future.
Recordrelease of carbondioxide after russian forest fires
Over 4,2 acres of land has burned in Russias biggest state Jakutia in Sibiria, which has led to that over 505 million tons of carbondioxidequivalents have been release since june. It is a much greater record than last years emission of 450 million tons despite that weeks of this years forestfire season still remains.
Massive rainfall in Germany causing flooding
Massive rainfall in Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium has caused many areas to overflow with water. Many people have lost their homes and some (around 130 people in Nordrhein-Westfalen och Rheinland-Pfalz in Germany and 30 people in Belgium) have lost their lives.
The Rurdamm in the district of Kreis Heinsberg i Nordrhein-Westfalen has been broken by the increasing water levels and people living in this area has been evacuated.
As a result debree and chaos have spread in these regions which will cost several billion euros to reconstruct.
1300 people in Germany are yet to be located after the floodings.
Extreme heat in Siberia, Russia, cause permafrost to defrost
Siberia, Russia, are experiencing extreme heat with great forest fires that started even before "regular" season. The temperatures are a wopping 25-30 degrees celcius more than usual in Siberia. This has cause massive icemelting and caused great floods, one example is the river Lena who overflooded several cities in its path. It's the second year in a row that Russia have been experiencing massive forest fires, which in Siberia, causes the permafrost to melt and thereby risking massive outlets of methane gas to be release into the atmosphere.
This phenomena alone of huge levels of methane gas suddenly being released into our atmosphere can change global wheather raising global temperatures, promoting global storms and unstability.
Extreme heat waves in the US and Canada
There has been a heat record in the USA and western Canada with extreme heat at around 50 degrees celcius. Forest fires have been raging and many people have abandoned their homes. Another worry is the duration of the heat wave which will last longer than ususal. In the british province Lytton in Canada they experienced an eight degree increase than previously recorded heat record.
Source: https://www.dn.se/varlden/extremvarmen-i-usa-och-kanada-mitt-rum-ar-en-bakugn 2021-06-29
The golf stream is slowing down
The golf stream is constantly slowing down, and will have slowed down 45 % at the end of this century causing the effect of lower temperatures in Sweden. If the stream stopped all together the temperature would drop to -50 degrees. The winters in Sweden will become colder due to warmer sea streams around the arctic, causing even more ice to melt and changing movment of the golf steams by having a warming impact.
Scientist do warn that the stream could stop altogether at some point but of course right now we cannot be sure of that.
Source: https://www.svt.se/nyheter/utrikes/varningen-golfstrommen-kan-stanna-helt-1 2021-02-22
Worst hurricane year in recorded history
This year was the worst hurricane year in recorded history amounting to 30 tropical storms (and the season is still going at this point). The hurricanes are increasing in numbers but also in strength. In the future even Europe has to get use to facing tropical hurricanes and here in Scandinavia storms of this caliber will be a reality when the planets temperature rises.
The hurricanes are getting more powerful, wetter (they can hold more moist air) and they also move slower it rains more frequently in the same area.
But the hurricanes are by no means staying in one designated area, instead they are more on the move then ever, already covering a much larger geographical area and right now the storm Theta is moving to Europe about to reach hurricanestrength (firstly it will hit Portugal and then other Europan countries like Great Britain, Ireland, Spain and France could be on this storms list).
Source: SVD, 2020-11-12
Worst storm in decades hit Central America
The countries of Central America have been flooded (Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica and Nicaragua) and hundreds of people have lost their homes. About 100 people have been found to be dead in Guatemala after the storm Eta hit Central America. The country of Honduras has also suffered a loss of 20 people from the same storm.
Source: https://www.svt.se/nyheter/utrikes/over-170-doda-och-saknade-efter-eta 2020-11-07
Supertyhoon hits the Philippines
Hurricane "Goni" has hit the entire Philippines in storm strength 5 (the highest level of hurricane strength today). Winds have reached the country at over 80 meters per second.
In the next 12 hours, violent winds, heavy rainfall and the risk of tidal waves and landslides are expected.
At the same time, the population is fighting Covid and must keep their distance during the massive evacuation. One million people have been evacuated already, but the hurricane will affect the entire country's population along its way.
Source: https://www.dn.se/varlden/supertyfon-har-natt-filippinerna-en-miljon-evakuerade/ 2020-11-01
Five tropical storms in the Pacific
Five tropical hurricane storms are raging in the Pacific heading towards the american coastline.
The five storms are called Paulette, Rene, Sally, Teddy and Vicky.
Closest to the mainland of America is Hurricane Sally. Winds above 40 meters per second have been measured, and the forecast is that Sally will increase in strength.
The american National Hurricane Center, NHC warns of "extremely dangerous, life-threatening storm surges" in the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida.
Paulette has hit Bermuda and luckily no one was injured. The storm Paulette is now heading towards the eastcoast of the USA.
The storm Vicky is estimated to decrease in strength unlike the storm Teddy which will reach a four degree level (on a five degree risk scale) in hurricane strength.
Rene is a storm which also will decrease its strength.
Source: https://www.dn.se/varlden/fem-tropiska-stormar-over-atlanten-forsta-gangen-pa-50-ar/ 2020-09-15
Second largest forest fire in Californian history
The fires in California continue to spread. The largest of them, a group of hearths called the LNU Lightning Complex, has grown to over 121,000 acres and is now the second largest in the state's history.
Only a small portion of the fire is under control. 500 buildings have been destroyed and many more are threatened around the vineyards of Napa and Sonoma. Nearly 600 fires are raging in the state, six people have died in connection with them.
Source: https://www.svd.se/jattebrand-rasar-i-kalifornien 2020-08-22
The greatest wildlife disaster in modern history
Billions of animals died in Australia's fires around the turn of the year 2019-2020 and took the lives of 30 people. 143 million mammals, 2.46 billion reptiles, 180 million birds and 51 million frogs are said to have died in the disaster.
According to its report on the disaster, WWF believes that this was the largest natural disaster in modern history.
Source: https://www.msn.com/sv-se/nyheter/utrikes/miljarder-djur-offer-i-australiens-br%C3%A4nder/ar-BB17gjSH?ocid=BingHPC 2020-07-28
Population of the earth in 2100
According to a new study by the UN, the earth's population will consist of 8.8 billion people by 2100, not the 11 billion previously estimated.
Birth rates are falling globally and at the same time the countries' populations are shrinking to triple Africa's population (Nigeria will be the world's second most populous country by 2100).
China reduces its able-bodied population from 950 million to 359 million, while Nigeria quintuples its able-bodied population fivefold.
Source: https://www.dn.se/nyheter/varlden/studie-bara-88-miljarder-i-varlden-ar- 2100/ 2020-07-06
The permafrost in Siberia has begun to melt
Due to temperature rises in Russia of about 5 degrees in 2020, the permafrost has begun to melt in Siberia. The permafrost traps methane gas which is released into the air if the frost thaws. This means that global warming is accelerating with possible horrendous consequences for our weather on earth. The permafrost has just begun to melt and covers an area three times the size of the EU.
To stop this, natural geographer Gustaf Hugelius believes that strong counterforces are needed in the form of reductions in carbon dioxide emissions over the next 10-20 years.
Source: https://www.svt.se/nyheter/forskare-brattom-att-stoppa-smaltande-permafrost 2020-07-13
One degree higher over the next five years
WMO (World Metrological Organization), the UN's meteorological agency, five-year forecast for the climate shows that the Arctic during this year 2020 will be warmed twice as much as the average for the entire planet.
This is because the annual temperature will be one degree higher than the average value in pre-industrial times (the years 1850-1900).
In addition, Western Europe will launch a period of more storms while Australia, southern Africa and northern and eastern South America will be drier.
Sahel and areas around the poles instead get more rain than before.
Source: https://www.msn.com/sv-se/nyheter/utrikes/v%C3%A4rre-torka-v%C3%A4ntar-och-v%C3%A4rre-regn/ar-BB16DDFi?ocid=BingHPC 2020-07-12
The Baltic Sea is dying out
The Baltic Sea is in great danger, due to eutrophication, overfishing and rising environmental toxins. The bottoms of the Baltic Sea have largely died, an area as large as the whole of Denmark is completely extinct today and the extinction is spreading further. What happened? A documentary by SVT in the program Vetenskapens Värld reveals that a factory in Russia has released tons of chicken manure on land that leaks manure in the Baltic Sea. This has caused most of the eutrophication in the Baltic Sea and must, of course, be stopped immediately. And what happens when the sea is overfertilized? Well, the oxygen disappears and therefore fish and plants die. Overfishing then? Yes, it is a more difficult issue, but this is mainly due to how the regulation of fishing has looked politically around the Baltic Sea. Environmental toxins that are spread in the sea are due to plastics and gadgets we have manufactured here or imported that release toxins into the water. This can be difficult to overcome, the easiest is to create products that do not contain environmental toxins. In this now, it may be time to ask yourself whether bathing in the Baltic Sea should be completely avoided, there are also vibrio bacteria that have increased in the sea and that cause stomach diseases.
One million species are on the verge of extinction - it's humanity's fault
One million animal species on Earth are on the verge of extinction in the coming decades, according to a UN report IPBES released earlier this year. The rate of extinction of wildlife is ten to a hundred times faster than in the last 10 million years.
It is clear how man is responsible for the extinction and many people now believe that a sixth mass extinction on earth has begun.
Humans harm animals through their own struggle for survival, through fishing in the oceans and large agricultural areas so that wild animals can no longer reproduce in the wild.
WWF reports on how the oceans in 30 years 'time can contain more plastic than fish and how today's coral reefs have disappeared by a third (the latter is due to the oceans' warming).
Source: https://www.svt.se/nyheter/snabbkollen/en-miljon-arter-kan-forsvinna 2019-12-05
Source: https://www.wwf.se/stoppa-utrotningen/ 2019-12-05
Koalas threatened after extensive forest fires in Australia
More than 1,000 koalas have been killed in forest fires in Australia and 80% of their natural habitat in the forest has been destroyed. This means that koalas now risk the future generations of their own species.
Koalas depend on eucalyptus trees, which are their main source of nutrition. There is now a risk that the koalas will starve to death.
Source: https://www.svd.se/koalorna-hotade-efter-brandkatastrofen 2019-11-24
Comprehensive report on the health effects of climate change
The Lancet Countdown is an annual report from the medical journal The Lancet on the health effects of climate change.
The report is based on 41 indicators covering five areas: climate change, exposure and vulnerability, adaptation, prevention, economics and policy engagement.
The report is made by an international network of researchers from around the world with expertise in climate research, ecology, mathematics, nutrition, economics, public health and medicine.
New forest fires in Australia and Venice flooded
In Australia, forest fires have begun to ravage. A total of 1.1 million hectares have now been burned and people have been forced to flee for their lives, fortunately few have lost their lives. Many, however, have lost their homes in the fires. In Eastern Australia, 300 fires are currently raging along the coast of New South Wales where several cities are directly threatened. The city of Sydney is lit by fire smoke that also cost three people their lives.
The city of Venice in Italy has been flooded by high tide. Levels like this have not been seen in over 50 years in the Adriatic. The city is described as a disaster zone and has received damage over hundreds of thousands of millions of euros. The situation, according to Venendig's mayor Luigi Burganaro, is a result of climate change.
Year 2050 - No coral reefs left
Coral reefs are very sensitive to temperature changes and if only a few degrees change, coral reefs will become extinct. According to the researchers documented by Vetenskapens Värld's documentary "The world in the greenhouse", this will happen as early as 2050.
It is a serious development both for the wildlife in our ecosystem and it is possible that it can never be what it once was, it is possible to recreate coral reefs in an artificial way that allows us to "save" coral reefs in part if we use an aquarium .
It is thus possible to break off the coral reef and "plant" it in another place where it grows further. This may be the solution to the loss of coral reefs, but as I said, we can not replant in the sea when it is too hot, instead we must then have a solution on land.
In the year 2100 - 5 degrees rise and two meters higher sea level
The latest report from researchers regarding sea level rise means that the sea will rise two meters until the year 2100. The study carried out is based on observations in Antarctica and Greenland where the ice "calves" (releases large masses of ice straight into the water, which means that the melting goes a lot faster than when the ice melts from the sun). In addition, global warming is estimated to be five degrees, which means a very serious situation on earth - read more under the heading Climate facts.
Sources: https://www.svt.se/nyheter/vetenskap/forskare-varnar-havsnivan-kan-stiga-med-tva-meter-till-ar-2100?fbclid=IwAR2LtOv1yZkgO6JiEbtuLD9RIBVjXYx88PUQE94K5PiRUqXumyss0y3px0 2019-05-23