How, then, are we to survive in the future climate? It seems very difficult, but there are probably solutions. There is a way I can come up with and that is to build the landscape into a kind of greenhouse - but protected from external temperatures. If it is not possible to live outdoors in extremely hot temperatures, you simply have to create an indoor environment that is colder. Although we can take shelter in caves against both heat and storm, it will be crucial that we can grow our food to survive on earth, therefore the construction of weather-resistant cultivable indoor environments can be a way for humans to survive the first time of large temperature rises.
The idea is worrying, but also remember that there are really cold places on earth left to live in as in Russian Siberia where it can be 70 minus degrees celcius or 158 degrees fahrenheit, but it is required that we build a warm indoor environment for survival.
Russia's coldest habitable places:
* The city of Ojmjakon (called -71.2 degrees celcius or -95 degrees fahrenheit)
* The city of Verkhoyansk (called -69.8 degrees celcius or -92 degrees fahrenheit)
Greenland is also a possible alternative where it can be up to 66 degrees minus or -86 degrees fahrenheit. * North Ice Research Station (called -66).
Finally, there is also the Yukon Territory in Canada where it can get up to -63 degrees or -81 degrees fahrenheit.
* Snag in the Yukon Territory.
But remember, this applies as long as ice remains in these places and as we have learned, there is a possibility that all ice on earth (including the permafrost) has completely melted at a rise of 5-6 degrees celcius (41-42 degrees fahrenheit). Unfortunately, we have to come to terms with the fact that all ice has melted in the climate of the future, exactly when this happens is due to human emissions and the earth's natural climate development.
When all the ice has melted, enormous forces of nature will move on Earth due to changes in the movements of the oceans and this will trigger a global geostorm that humanity will find difficult to survive, ie extreme global storms with hurricane forces we have not previously experienced here on a large scale on earth (hurricane strength 6).
You can see a film about this under "The climate of the future". What is not mentioned in the film but which is a worrying fact is also that hurricanes can trigger devastating earthquakes.
It is normal for the temperature to rise by one degree celcius (or 33 degrees fahrenheit) every hundred years or so, so no matter what we do, we will eventually reach a 5-6 degree celcius (41-42 degrees fahrenheit) higher temperature.
Now it's just a matter of not getting there prematurely but stopping human carbon dioxide emissions so that there is time to save the earth's population.
Moving permanently to a planet other than Earth if all the ice melts seems like a bad idea because Earth, even after these disasters, is still the most habitable planet for us. In the decision on whether the earth should be abandoned forever, it must be remembered that only the earth in our solar system has an oxygenated atmosphere and water, which means that the earth is the only planet that can generate life.
One last idea about how we should survive when the earth's storms become extreme and the climate thereby makes cultivation impossible is that we simply take shelter in caves. In the underground, cultivation can take place by generating electricity and by using UV lamps.
Stephen Hawking described how we humans should start moving out into space, the closest and best planets at hand are the moon and Mars but also planets outside the solar system could be future habitats for humans.
Maybe this is the best thing as a temporary solution for humans if the climate makes the earth uninhabitable?
Hawking believed that humans will exterminate themselves through an environmental disaster or by creating a global nuclear war (today Russia and the United States have enough nuclear weapons to exterminate the entire world's population).
In the end, we will even after surviving global hurricanes, have to find another place to live than earth due to massive floods and temperatures at levels that make habitation impossible.
Living in space has to be the solution, and we couldn't begin sooner building protective colonies on the moon. Let's make Stephen Hawking proud :)